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(To) rack one's brain:
To try very hard to think of something. ex. "I racked my brain, but I couldn't remember his name."

(To) rain cats and dogs:
*somewhat archaic* To rain very hard. ex. "It was raining cats and dogs last night." NB: Because of the antiquated nature of this idiom, it's best to say "It was raining very heavily" instead.

Rain or shine:
No matter what the weather is like. ex. "The game will be played tomorrow, rain or shine."

(To) raise (some) eyebrows:
To shock. ex. "The art show raised some eyebrows due to its explicit content."

Rake in: To make a lot of money; ex: "He's really raking it in these days."

(To) read between the lines:
To try to understand what is meant by something that is not written/said clearly. ex. "I need to have things spelled out for me. I'm terrible at reading between the lines."

Red eye (n.): An overnight flight; ex: "I caught the red eye to Denver."

(A) redneck:
Generally refers to someone who has either bigoted or narrow-minded opinions. Often used in the context of people who live in small towns or in the country. ex. "Just because he's from Kentucky doesn't mean he's a redneck."

(A) regular guy:
A normal, average man (said in a fairly positive way). ex. "John? I don't know, I guess he's just a regular guy."

(To) rest one's case:
When people say "I rest my case", it usually means that they feel that they just proved that they are correct.

Ride (n.): Car. ex: "Nice ride!"

Ride shotgun (v.): To ride in the front passenger seat of a car. ex: "I wanna ride shotgun!"

Right off the bat:
Right away; immediately. ex. "I knew there was something wrong with him right off the bat."

(To) ring in the new year:
To celebrate the beginning of the New Year at midnight on December 31st. ex. "This year, we'll be ringing in the new year in Paris."

(To) ring a bell:
To remind, vaguely recognize something. ex. "P1: Have you every listened to Alex Chilton? P2: I'm not sure; the name rings a bell, though. ( = I think I've heard the name before)"; "I'm sorry, that doesn't ring a bell. = I'm sorry I don't recognize/know that."

(A) rip-off or (To) rip-off:
A rip-off is something that costs more than it should. ex. "The popcorn prices at the movie theater are a rip-off."; To rip someone off means to steal from someone, or to cheat someone. ex. "The mechanic ripped me off."

(To) risk one's neck (to do something):
To risk (sometimes physical) harm to accomplish something. ex. "He's always been very mean to me. I don't plan to risk my neck to save his job."

Road rage (n.): The modern phenomenon of angry, aggressive driving, which sometimes leads to arguing, fighting, etc. between drivers.

(To) rob the cradle:
To go out with (or marry) someone who is much younger than you are. ex. "Victor's new wife is 25 years younger than him. Talk about robbing the cradle!"

Rock (v.): To be great. ex: "That rocks!" (That's really great!)

(To) rock the boat:
To disturb an otherwise stable situation.

Roll with it (v.): To go with the flow; To accept things as they come.

Rotten (adj):
Bad, nasty. ex. "I've done a lot of rotten things in the past."

(To) rub someone the wrong way:
To irritate someone. ex. "I'm not going out if your cousin is going. She really rubs me the wrong way."

(To) rub elbows with someone:
To associate with someone. ex. "When her singing career took off, Kathleen was able to rub elbows with the rich and famous."

Rule (v.): To be great/ the best. ex: "That band rules!

(To) run a fever:
To have a fever. ex. "Jamie has been running a fever all day."

(To) run in the family:
To happen/ occur often in the family (through generations). ex. "P1: Frank is always so angry. P2: Yeah, his bad temper runs in the family."

Run (something) by (someone) (v.): To tell someone something, usually to get approval, etc. ex: "That's a good idea. I'll run it by my parents and see what they think."

(To give someone) the runaround/(To get) the runaround : To deceive someone, usually in the form of evasive excuses. ex: "I wanted to get some concrete answers, but they just gave me the runaround."

ESL worksheets for students and teachers



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