PHRASAL VERBS (A)
A Phrasal Verb
is semantic unit which consists of a verb
and a preposition (such as on, in, under, etc.) or an adverb (such as up, down, away).
The meaning of the phrasal verb as a whole is often very different from the meaning
of the individual words that make it up. Phrasal verbs are used more frequently in
everyday speech than in formal (or official) writing or speaking.
To explain how/why. To give reasons.
ex. "How do you account for the increase in production costs?"
To pursue. To take action because of information received.
ex. "The military planned to act on the information they received."
To react negatively to something.
ex. "Teenagers often act out to express their feelings."
To behave or function improperly.
ex. "My elbow is acting up again."
1) To calculate a sum.
ex. "I added up all your bills. You owe me $120."
2) To make sense.
ex. "There's something about his story that doesn't add up. I don't think he's telling the truth."
Add up to:
To equal an amount.
ex. "Our monthly expenses added up to $500."
ex. "You have to allow for unexpected expenses in your budget."
To ask several people or more.
ex. "Q: Do you have change for a 20? A: No, but ask around, I'm sure someone does."
To ask to go on a date.
ex. "I'm going to ask her out tomorrow.
To invite to one's home.
ex. "I would ask him over for dinner, but I'm afraid he would eat too much."
To see about something (formal).
ex. "I have some business to attend to. I'll meet up with you later, John."