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Dash off:
To go or leave somewhere quickly; to run off. ex. "She dashed off to the store before I had a chance to speak to her."

Dawn on (somebody):
To come to the realization; to realize. ex. "It never dawned on me that she might be unhappy. = I never realized that she might be unhappy."

Decide against (doing something):
To decide not to (do something). ex. "He decided against joining the military." IMPORTANT: In English, although it's correct to say "He decided *against* joining the military, you can't say "He decided *for* joining the military". In that case, you'd have to simply say "He decided to join the military."

Die down:
To diminish in intensity. ex. "After the controversy died down, he was able to lead a normal life again."

Die for (something):
To really want (something). ex. "I'd die for some enchiladas right now."

Dig in:
To start eating. ex. "Dig in, boys. The food is getting cold!"

Dish out:
To dispense, give out. Often used in the phrase "to dish out criticism." ex. "Sure, you can dish out criticism, but you can't take it yourself!"

Dig up:
To discover something that is supposed to be secret. ex. "The reporter dug up some information that might jeopardize the senator's campaign."

Dive in:
To start doing something enthusiastically, often without planning ahead. ex. "Don't think about it, just dive in."

Do away with:
To abolish. ex. "Most people in this country would like to do away with the death penalty."

Do over:
To do again. ex. "I'm sorry but that's not good enough. You'll have to do it over."

Do up:
When talking about clothes: to fasten, to button, etc. ex. "Could you help me do up the buttons at the back of my dress?"

Do without:
To manage without something. ex. "We're going to have to do without a car for a while."

Doze off:
To fall asleep. ex. "He dozed off for a couple of hours."

Dress up:
To wear elegant clothes. ex. "I love dressing up to go to the theater."

Drag on:
To last much longer than expected. ex. "I thought that film would be short, but it really dragged on."

Draw out:
To make something last longer than necessary. Often used in the passive form: to be "drawn out". ex. "His speech was really drawn out."

Draw up:
To organize. To create. ex. "The residents of the building drew up a plan to catch the thief."

Dream up:
To invent. To make up.

Drift off:
To fall asleep. ex. "He was drifting off during the lecture."

Drive (someone) out:
To make (someone) leave and/or stay away. ex. "The steep increase in rent drove out some long-time residents."

Drive up:
To raise. To cause to increase (prices, rates, etc.). ex. "The new policies drove up prices."

Drop by:
To visit someone unexpectedly. ex. "My parents dropped by last Saturday."

Drop in (on):
To visit someone unexpectedly. ex. "My parents dropped in on me last Saturday."

Drop off:
To deliver someone or something. ex. "I'll drop you off at around 7 PM."

Drop out of:
Quit/ stop going to (school, etc.) ex. "She dropped out of school last year, but now she wants to go back."

Dwell on (something):
To spend a lot of time thinking about something. Often has a slightly negative connotation. ex. "Stop dwelling on the past!"

ESL worksheets for students and teachers



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